Hardware Networking

Everything You Need To Know To Start A Career In Computer Hardware And Networking

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Last Updated: 22 Jan 2024

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What are hardware and networking?

Because of the proliferation of computers and networks in modern society, a career in the field of information technology that focuses on hardware and networking can be quite challenging. It is one of the most lucrative talents and one of the most rapidly expanding fields in the information technology sector.

Have you ever played around with the many components that make up the computer? If yes, then you would have needed to open the cabinet housing your central processing unit (CPU) only to figure out why your computer screen is going black or why it isn't working! Or you might improve the computer's speed by installing additional RAM and storage devices. You would have learned there about the many components of a computer, sometimes known as its hardware, as well as how those components are connected to one another (which is what we call networking).

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Let us first have a separate understanding of what the terms "Hardware" and "Networking" mean.

The term "hardware" refers to the collection of all the tangible components that make up a computer system. This contains the Motherboard, the Graphics card, the RAM, the Monitor, the Keyboard, the Mouse, the Hard Disk Monitor, and the Speakers, among other components. If you want to become an expert in hardware, we will discuss some of the most beneficial training programmes that you should enroll in later on in this post. The term "hardware" refers to everything that can be physically touched.

The term "networking" refers to a collection of computers that are linked to one another in order to facilitate the sharing of resources. These computers may be connected to one another by a wired or wireless connection. The subfield of computer science known as networking is responsible for making it possible for computers to share data and information with one another. Both wired and wireless forms of media can be utilized to exchange data.

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What exactly are the many internal hardware components of a computer?

The instructions that are sent by the software or operating system are received by the internal components, which then process or store them collectively (OS). The following are some examples of these:


This is a circuit board that serves as the core hub that all of the other hardware components pass through. It is responsible for holding the central processing unit (CPU) as well as other critical internal hardware components.


The central processing unit (CPU) is the "brain" of the computer; it interprets and carries out the "digital instructions" that are provided by the various programmes. The clock speed of the CPU is what defines how quickly and effectively the computer can process data.


RAM or dynamic RAM, or Random Access Memory, is a type of memory storage that is only used temporarily and makes information quickly accessible to applications. RAM is volatile memory, which means that any data saved in it will be lost when the computer is powered down.

Hard drive. 

Hard disc drives are physical storage devices that may store both permanent and temporary data in a variety of file formats. This data can include programmes, operating systems, device files, photographs, and a variety of other types of data.

Solid-state drive (SSD). 

SSDs are solid-state storage devices that store data using NAND flash memory technology. Since SSDs are non-volatile, they can retain data securely even when the computer is turned off.

Optical drive. 

The computer is able to read and interact with nonmagnetic external media thanks to optical drives, which normally are housed in a drive bay that is located on the device itself. Examples of such media are compact disc read-only memory and digital video discs.

Heat sink. 

This is a piece of passive hardware that takes heat away from components in order to control or lower the temperature of those components in order to assist guarantee that they continue to work correctly. In most cases, the central processing unit (CPU), which generates the most heat of all the internal components, has a heat sink built right on top of it.


GPU stands for "graphics processing unit." This chip-based component handles graphical data and frequently acts as an extension of the primary CPU.


NIC stands for network interface card (NIC). The ability of a computer to connect to a network is provided by a component known as a network interface card (NIC), which can also be referred to as a network adapter or a local area network adapter. A NIC normally facilitates connectivity to an Ethernet network.

Hardware vs Software                    

The actual components and delivery systems of a computer are referred to as its "hardware." These systems are responsible for storing and running the written instructions that are delivered by the computer's software. The software allows the user to interface with the hardware and guide it to do certain tasks. 

The operating system and any related utilities; programs that govern certain computer tasks; and apps that, typically, conduct actions on data that is given by the user.

Because the software and hardware of a computer are dependent on one another to create usable output, the software must be designed to function correctly with the hardware in order for the computer to be useful.

The existence of harmful software, often known as malware, may have a significant impact on computer programmes and the operating system of a system. Malware includes computer threats such as viruses, Trojan horses, spyware, and worms. Malware, however, does not impact hardware in any way.

Malware, on the other hand, may have further effects on the system. For instance, it could use up a significant percentage of the computer's memory or even reproduce itself to the point that it fills up the storage space on the device. This causes the computer to function more slowly and may also hinder legal apps from starting up properly. Users may be prevented from accessing the files stored in the computer's hardware storage if the machine is infected with malware.

What is hardware virtualization?

The abstraction of the physical computing resources from the software that makes use of those resources is what is known as "hardware virtualization." The term "hardware virtualization" refers to the process through which software is utilized to construct virtual representations of hardware rather than employing actual, real hardware components for some computing function.

Hardware virtualization, also known as platform or server virtualization, is carried out by host software on a specific hardware platform. This process is sometimes referred to as server virtualization. It is necessary to have a virtual machine manager, often known as a hypervisor, which is responsible for producing virtual replicas of the internal hardware. Because of this, the hardware resources of a single physical computer may be shared among the operating systems and applications running on that machine, resulting in increased productivity.

In cloud computing, infrastructure as a service (IaaS), a delivery paradigm that offers hardware resources through high-speed internet, is frequently linked to hardware virtualization. All of the physical elements that are typically found in an on-premises data center, including servers, storage, and networking gear, as well as the software that enables virtualization, are hosted by a cloud service provider (CSP), such as Amazon Web Services or Microsoft Azure.

IaaS and CSPs vary from hardware as a service (HaaS) providers in that they host both hardware and software, as opposed to the latter. A typical IaaS provider also offers a variety of services to go along with infrastructure parts, like the following:

  • Billing
  • Monitoring
  • Log Access
  • Security
  • Load Balancing
  • Clustering

Who is a Computer Hardware Engineer?

If you are the type of person who gets excited about working with the actual components that make up a computer, then a career as a computer hardware engineer could be the perfect fit for you. Engineers that specialize in computer hardware are accountable for the creation and development of computer systems, in addition to the management of the computerized hardware of various peripherals like printers and modems. Engineers will need to be extremely technically oriented and educated, and they may be expected to have a certification that is at a high level. This is because the nature of the work is one that is both varied and difficult.

Role of a computer hardware engineer

Working with desktop and laptop computers, computer processors, graphics and sound cards, circuit boards, cabling, and other components may be necessary on a regular basis to do this. The hardware of any particular computer may need to be built, installed, removed, updated, or tested if you are a certified hardware engineer.

A computer hardware engineer's job is highly diversified, and they could be working on many different projects at once. Depending on who your company is, you may work in a highly technological center that develops systems for automobiles or medical facilities, or you might be stationed in a computer research lab evaluating and constructing new technology.

Top Skills for Computer Engineering
  • Coding and Programming
  • Database Knowledge
  • Problem Solving & Critical Thinking
  • Analytical Mindset
  • Communication and Networking

Key Hard Skills

"Hard skills," also known as tangible talents that are particular to a given activity, function, or industry, are ones that aspiring computer hardware engineers need to obtain. They should also work on developing their "soft skills," which are beneficial in a variety of professions. Programming languages such as Verilog, C, and C++ are examples of the "hard skills" required by hardware engineers. Other hard talents include engineering and board design expertise.

You can learn technical things by taking hardware courses.


This hardware description language continues to be the standard for use in the industry when it comes to electronic systems. The design of digital, analogue, and mixed-signal circuits may be accomplished with its help by hardware engineers. This is a skill that is typically taught to students in school. Those individuals who feel they require further instruction in the language are able to pursue it through professional organizations and online learning sites.


C is one of the first programming languages that students learn and it enables engineers to deliver commands to their hardware. It is also one of the most widely used programming languages. During the development process, computer hardware developers frequently put this ability to use in testing and analysis. Typically, beginning courses in C are required for enrollment in computer engineering degree programmes.


C serves as the basis for this object-oriented programming language, which improves on its features. Computer hardware engineers are able to build and test a greater diversity of systems when they use C++, despite the fact that the language is more difficult to learn than C. Students have access to a variety of learning opportunities, including formal college programmes and online resources. Additionally, there are professional organizations that give certificates in C++.

Field-Programmable Gate Array(FPGA)

After they are manufactured, customers and designers alike will be able to programme these circuits. The majority of the time, hardware description languages like Verilog are utilized by these circuits. FPGA circuits may be designed from scratch by computer hardware experts, or they may be included into bigger designs. FPGA training and certifications are offered by a variety of institutions, including universities, commercial corporations, professional associations, and online learning resources. You may enroll in computer hardware engineer courses to learn FPGA. 

Engineering Design

The primary distinction between computer engineering and computer science may be found in the engineering design process. In order to create equipment, computer engineers need to have strong abilities in design approaches, problem-solving, and reasoning. During their time in college, students have the opportunity to acquire this vital ability. Graduates can demonstrate their proficiency in engineering design by compiling portfolios and working on projects.

Board Design

When colleges and businesses talk about board design abilities, they almost often mean printed circuit boards, which are the boards that connect the various mechanical and electrical components of a computer. Engineers that specialize in hardware should have a solid grasp on creating, testing, and evaluating these boards. Students pursuing a bachelor's degree typically enroll in many classes that concentrate on printed circuit boards.

Key Soft Skills

Hardware engineers need to be creative since they design things. In addition to this, they recognise complex challenges and work to find solutions to them, which needs further advanced soft skills such as analytical thinking, critical thinking, and problem-solving abilities. The majority of hardware engineers work on specialized projects on their own, but they should develop the communication skills necessary to successfully and efficiently satisfy the demands of their clients and interact with other IT experts.

Analytical Thinking

Hardware engineers spend a significant portion of their time designing, constructing, testing, and troubleshooting computer hardware. Analysis, the act of comprehending a system by evaluating the working of its pieces, is an integral aspect of this process.


In their role as designers, hardware engineers are frequently required to think creatively, combining their past knowledge with their creativity as they conceptualize new opportunities and approaches. Problem-solving is a typical activity for hardware engineers, and it requires both creative thinking and analytical thinking at the same time.

Analysis and Reflection

When it comes to acquiring new skills and technologies, it is typically far simpler for hardware engineers to do so if they have developed excellent critical thinking abilities. In addition, given that people who think critically are more likely to recognise easier and more effective approaches to completing tasks, hardware engineers who have developed their critical thinking skills are frequently in a better position to take on leadership roles and advance further in their careers.

Abilities in Communicating

Depending on their employer, position, and the nature of the project, hardware engineers may spend much of their time working independently. However, they may also collaborate with others in teams and maintain regular communication with software engineers, technicians, and customers. Skills in written and spoken communication save time by making it easier to effectively solve problems and provide various types of services.


Hardware engineers need to be able to recognize and solve issues that are caused by the hardware they work with. These experts devote a significant amount of their time to testing and debugging their work, in addition to proposing updates and fixes.

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How to learn computer hardware and networking?

Obtain a Hardware Networking Course Degree

The majority of firms in the field of computer hardware engineering demand bachelor's degrees for entry-level candidates. Candidates can fulfill this prerequisite by earning a certificate in computer hardware engineering, although many companies also take bachelor's degree holders in electrical engineering and computer science into consideration. Graduates of these programmes may become certified to prove their proficiency in hardware engineering.

Graduate degrees enable workers to focus on certain fields, such hardware security or microsystems technology. Professionals can occupy in-demand roles thanks to these concentrations. Some students specialize in fields like bioengineering and robotics to acquire their doctorates. These industries rely on computer hardware engineering, but they advance it via programming and creativity.

Both bachelor's and master's degrees in computer engineering are available online to students. Some colleges have hybrid programmes that require students to attend on-campus laboratories. For these jobs, fully online systems substitute virtual laboratories. Candidates for online degrees could also need to build projects at home.

Gain Knowledge

Through projects and labs, students may construct portfolios that will serve as a foundation for their resumes once they graduate. Students who complete projects in their laboratories can describe their accomplishments, techniques, and outcomes in their portfolios. For instance, circuits labs and classes assist degree candidates polish their board engineering abilities. Additionally, these sites could have images and comments from instructors.

Additionally, internships provide students with practical experience. Qualified applicants are frequently offered internships by large technological companies. Interns collaborate closely with seasoned professionals to learn about their roles and processes. To further develop their portfolios, students can take part in degree-related contests, such as those for robots. For entry-level prospects, certification courses can also add depth to their resumes.

Gain Credibility

With degrees and experience, new computer hardware engineers can be hired for their initial positions, although recently graduated students sometimes struggle to find professional experience. Earning specialist qualifications to add to their resumes is an option for those who did not finish their internships or who need an extra push. The certificates that applicants can obtain from academic institutions and professional organizations are most beneficial to these professions.

Graduates should select their credentials in accordance with their skill sets and preferred professions. The certified computer security incident handler certificate, for instance, is available to aspiring cybersecurity professionals. Students enhance the abilities needed for their selected professional routes by using their degree knowledge in certification tests or online courses. Microsoft and Cisco are two manufacturers and IT firms that give certifications for their goods. Such qualifications are highly valued by employers who only use technology from these organizations.

Enroll In The Best Computer Hardware Training Institute

Hardware Technician Job Description

The support, upkeep, and supervision of the company's computer systems are the key duties of the hardware technician. They must keep track of all paperwork related to hardware installation, failure, repair, and replacement. The technician will also plan for increasing network capacity while taking both current and foreseeable hardware needs into account.

Additionally, technicians install and maintain new computer projects and gear. They must be knowledgeable about current hardware and IT-related tasks. All network components are assembled and configured by this expert. To expedite the purchase and deployment of gear, they also work together with other departments.

In addition to assembling and maintaining hardware, the technician assesses new computer products for use inside the company. They will do research, provide buying recommendations for hardware items, and offer all technical information needed for networking hardware and software products. On a regular basis, they keep track of and plan for timely maintenance, improvements, and repairs.

The job description calls for acquiring and deploying hardware as well as organizing all auxiliary services. Additionally, the computer support specialist must instruct the team on how to manage emergency circumstances. They are in charge of all hardware related to staff workstations, networked peripherals, and other networking hardware.

The expert must, where necessary, concentrate on software for computers and networks. To fix complicated PC issues, they need to study and use remedial actions. The inventory of all monitors, keyboards, and other essential devices is kept up to date by the repair technician. Additionally, they produce data on PC performance through routine testing. Based on the platforms and operating systems currently utilized by the company, hardware technicians build, install, and test unique computer setups.

The duties of a hardware technician also include helping experts or elders to handle any pressing problems. The specialists are in charge of determining if the IT department is set up to address the issues. Additionally, they must confirm and submit warranty claims as needed.

Additionally, the technician will be crucial in preparing the computer systems for imaging. All computer software must be uninstalled and then reinstalled by the expert, although this often takes place only when the operating system becomes damaged. After successfully replacing the operating system, the computer hardware technician often assumes complete responsibility for reinstalling any essential applications.

Responsibilities of a Computer Hardware Engineer

  • Designing and managing the manufacture of computer hardware.
  • Check and recheck components to make sure they operate correctly.
  • Recognize and separate flaws.
  • Create and create the computer control software systems.
  • Create and test electrical circuits and other parts.
  • Test ideas and improve procedures.
  • Include elements in the finished design.
  • Determine whether the design is effective and make changes as needed.
  • Calculate the costs, dependability, and safety aspects.
  • Use a lot of computers to create and analyze designs.
  • Produce part specs.
  • Manage the effectiveness of the procedures.
  • During the development phase, supervise engineers and other personnel.
  • Construct, evaluate, and adjust product prototypes.
  • Information analysis and user hardware recommendation.
  • Central processing units (CPUs), support logic, microprocessors, bespoke integrated circuits, printers, and disk drives are examples of design support peripherals.
  • Define the setup and needs for the power supply.


What is starting salary in hardware and networking? The average Computer Hardware Engineer pay in India is 5,15,600 per year (42,965 per month), which is 1,28,100 (33%) more than the national average wage.

A Computer Hardware Engineer may anticipate a beginning income of 2,04,300 on average. The maximum possible wages may reach 15,000

The average total remuneration for an entry-level Computer Hardware Engineer with less than three years of experience is Rs. 2,12,300. The average total salary for a mid-career Computer Hardware Engineer with 4-9 years of experience is Rs. 5,04,300, while the average total compensation for a senior Computer Hardware Engineer with 10-20 years of experience is Rs. 8,55,900. Computer Hardware Engineers with over 20 years of experience earn, on average, Rs. 12,04,000.

Enroll And Get Certified 

The information technology industry is now led by TOPS Technologies, which has propelled the company to the position of market leader (IT). It offers classes that vary from those developed for total beginners to those developed specifically for seasoned industry veterans.

Participants in hardware and networking certification programs will emerge from the courses with a grasp of both the theoretical underpinnings of the subject matter as well as its relevance in the actual world if they successfully complete the programs.

Students who are enrolled in the Web development course that is offered by TOPS Technologies are given the chance to investigate a variety of facets, some of which include the design, development, and deployment of web-based applications as just a few examples.

When you have finished the training at TOPS, you will be qualified to look for work as a networking technician or network support engineer. We are a recognised hardware networking institute, and as such, we have specialists on staff that can work with you to ensure that you have an in-depth understanding of the topic. The following cities in India are home to TOPS training centers: Ahmedabad, Surat, Nagpur, Gandhinagar, Baroda, and Rajkot.


What is the career scope after computer hardware and networking courses? 

The computer hardware and networking industry in India is expanding at a particular rate. It is the perfect solution for people who are looking for work and want to get hired quickly at a reputable company. Students in this sector need to hone their abilities in debugging and troubleshooting in order to be successful in this industry. One of the most important skills that may propel a person to new heights is the ability to diagnose and fix problems in the shortest amount of time feasible. Thus doing a computer hardware course makes sense for anyone looking for a boost in their career. 

It is projected that the Hardware and Networking industries will continue their upward trend of expansion for the foreseeable future. According to a case study, the Hardware and Network industry in India would expand to be worth more than $60 billion over the next few years. They have options for work in the public sector as well as the private sector.

The starting salary for most employees in the Hardware and Networking industry is between Rs 8,000 and Rs 10,000 per month. There are many different certifications available for hardware and networking, and obtaining a certification from a well-known IT Training Institute may earn an individual anywhere from Rs 40,000 to Rs 50,000 per month in salary. The breadth of the hardware and networking industry has significantly grown as a result of the growing usage of personal computers, laptops, and the internet.

Is the hardware and networking course good?

Training in computer networking and hardware is becoming an increasingly popular choice for students in their younger years. If you decide to do this course in computer networking and hardware, it indicates that you are taking the first step toward acquiring a talent that commands a high salary and belongs to a field that has had the most rapid expansion in the information technology sector. There are courses available in computer hardware and networking that range from the level of a certificate to that of a master's degree. After completing their secondary education, candidates who are interested in pursuing Computer Hardware and Networking Courses can do so from any of the authorized boards.

The TOPS Technologies course is designed to teach students about the latest and greatest technologies. It will cover topics like web development, cyber security, programming languages, and more. If you want to be successful in the IT field, it's important that you have a good understanding of all the latest technologies. The training course is perfect for anyone who needs to be ready for a career in the IT field. Learn android programming from our expert trainers and gain skills that are in high demand! The training course is perfect for anyone who needs to be ready for a career in the IT field. Learn graphic design courses from our graphic design training institute. We provide the best hardware and networking course in  Surat, Vadodara, Ahmedabad, Rajkot, and Nagpur with live projects and 100% placement assistance.

Author Bio: 

Niral Modi works as a Chief Executive Officer at TOPS Technologies Pvt, which is an Education company with an estimated 303 employees; and was founded in 2008. They are part of the Executive team within the C-Suite Department, and their management level is C-Level. Niral is currently based in Chicago, United States.

TOPS Technologies is the Most Trusted computer hardware and networking institute in Ahmedabad, offering Software Training, Hardware Training Classes, Graphic Designing & Web Design Training through Live Project Training. Having tie-ups with 3000+ IT software development companies, we provide a 100% Job Guarantee in Software Development Courses. We are known for our training courses in PHP, Python, Java, Android & iOS, AspdotNet, C & C++, Angular Courses, IoT, Software Testing, CCNA, Cloud Computing, Ethical Hacking, Hardware Networking, Cyber Security Training, Digital Marketing and SEO. We also teach Laravel, Nodejs, Unity 3D Game Development, Machine Learning with Python, Data Science, and Linux server training!"

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