Ethical Hacking – What is Ethical Hacking, Types of Ethical Hacking and Career Options
Ethical Hacking has become one of the most sought after career options for young students looking for a career in the IT sector. Students do it as a hobby and also to pursue a successful career. In this blog we try and answer all the different questions a student might have about Ethical hacking, Types of Ethical Hacking, Uses of Ethical Hacking, Legality to Ethical hacking and a lot more.
What is Ethical Hacking?
Ethical Hacking as the name suggest is Hacking into a clients computers and computer networks to show them where the vulnerabilities and problems are, so that they can fix them before the actual hackers can use it. Ethical Hacking is also called Penetration Testing or Pen Testing, and is an exciting way of actually doing hacking but getting paid legally rather than illegally.
The best part of Ethical Hacking is that it is considered a fun job and as a talented Hacker you could hack into any companies network and help them fix a potential problem they might have. Or use it as a prank on a friend whose wifi password you could change.
As Hackers across the world are becoming more and more common, Companies across the world are engaging with Ethical Hackers to protect their systems from Hacking. A few recent examples of how hackers have hacked into the companies accounts and the havoc they have created.
- One large Plastic product manufacturing companies ERP system was hacked when a user clicked on a link to play a video game. The whole companies ERP was locked and the Hacker had access to all the data and asked them for Rs 15 Crore Rs to give them access to their systems. After 3 days of negotiation the hackers agreed to Rs 2 Crore and gave the system access back to the company. For 3 days the whole company was on a stand still while they were waiting for the negotiations to be completed. One of our students had approached this company and had done a free test and had informed them about various vulnerabilities and had quoted them Rs 6,00,000 for a full report but the company had declined saying it’s not required.
- A large Ecommerce Companies client and transaction data was hacked and the hackers sold the data in the market for small amounts of $50 for 1000 names with their phone numbers and last 4 digits of their credit cards. Large telecaller teams have been calling users acting as Banks and hacking into the users accounts and transferring the balances. It is estimated that over 12,000 Crores have been siphoned from users bank accounts in the last 15 months.
What do Ethical Hackers do?
Ethcial Hackers normally define the scope of activities they will be involved with, they might be assigned the whole companies network or just a few computers. It really depends on how much the client believes they are at risk. Once the mandate is provided the Ethical Hacker will do a survey of the client their IP addresses, network configuration, Application, Website addresses, Server Configuration, SQL/ Database Configuration. Furthermore when and what dates will the tests done is also confirmed so as to limit downtime of a live environment.
Types of Ethical Hacking?
There are 3 types of Ethical Hackers – White Hat Hackers, Black hat Hackers and Grey hat Hackers.
White Hat Hackers are the ones who are Ethical hackers and work to ensure there are no vulnerabilities in the systems they are testing. White Hat Hacking is 100% Legal and is one of the most in Demand Job of 2020.
Black Hat Hackers are the opposite of White Hat Hackers and work on cracking the systems to steal data and break the systems.
Grey Hat Hackers are the Hackers who do hacking for fun and to pass time, but are also considered dangerous as it might affect some companies operations. The main goal of Grey Hat Hackers is to find vulnerabilities and show the world that they found it. They normally are not involved in stealing the data.
Different Things that Ethical Hacker can Hack
- Facebook Accounts
- Any Social media Accounts
- Email accounts
- Desktop Computer
- Laptop computers
- Mobile Apps
- Mobile Phones
- Record Phone Conversations
- Create Viruses
- Hack Wireless networks
Education Qualifications Required for Cyber Security and Ethical Hacking
Officially the only requirement for an effective Ethical Hacker is an intent to learn and keep practicing the learnings. Over the years we have seen PHD level students and even 10th pass graduates becomes phenomenal Ethical Hackers and Cyber Security Specialists.
How much can an Ethical Hacker Earn
Normal Salaries for Ethical Salaries start at 2.4 lakh per annum and go up to 10 lakh per annum as starting salaries. Lot of Ethical Hackers also work as freelancers and serve international clients making money in $.
If you are looking to learn Ethical Hacking visit TOPS Technologies which is one of the best Ethical Hacking Training Course Provider. TOPS Technologies has Ethical Hacking Courses available in Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Rajkot, Surat, Gandhingar and Nagpur.