One of the most thrilling jobs in the IT sector is becoming a cyber security expert. It holds excellent prospects to learn plenty of interesting tactics and is always high in demand. Another advantage is that it fetches high salaries and holds great prospects for promotions.
If you are looking to become the Cyber Security Expert, then it is always best to understand few of the important things and the road that you will take ahead.
The basic of cyber security lies in the understanding of networking to make way into this field. One is expected to get acquainted with the topics like Subnets, TCP/IP, IP address, Ports, Mac address, hubs, network layers, switches, etc.
Once you unlock the basic knowledge, you can foray into the basics of specific cyber security topics that include learning about Linux, python training, ruby programming, Trojans, viruses, worms, phishing, understanding securing system, information gathering, etc. This is the first step towards entering the cyber security field. And after thorough knowledge on these topics, one can be confident enough to understand deep rooted theories and implications of cyber security.
How to build secured networks
The key feature of any cyber security professional is to ensure a secure network that can eliminate all possible threats. Building a secured system is the sign of a highly professional cyber security specialist. Any cyber security personnel would then look to implement security in the following manner to protect network under his/her control from attacks.
Implementation: The first step towards a robust, secured network lies in implementing a network security system that ensures protection and posses a sufficient amount of authorization policies.
Analyzing: Once the network security system is created and implemented, the cyber security expert system need to analyze the network. This helps in determining whether the existing security system is suitable for the network and is it good enough to protect the integrated systems.
Testing: The first thing is to have an appropriate (based on requirements) network security system in place. Once that is done, the cyber security personnel need to conduct tests to ensure well-working of all the implemented securities. This in turn demands a certain responsibility to thoroughly protect the assigned network against any possible threats.
Modify: The last step to ensure secure network after conducting necessary tests is to collect the data and further augment the protections. The data collection will show results revealing where implemented security system is effective and in what all areas it requires improvement. And since hackers are expert in improvising their attacking abilities, the job of a cyber security expert lies in testing the system as frequently as possible ensure all-round protected that makes one stay a step ahead of those hackers.
How Security Industry Functions
The growing uses of internet and system information make things easier for hackers to penetrate in multiple areas. And for this reason, the Cyber Security Market is expected to garner $198 billion by 2022, with a CAGR registration of 15.5 % during the forecast period 2016-2022.
The Cyber Security Industry deals with the solutions like Unified Threat Management (UTM), security incident management, risk and compliance management, and even Identity and Access Management (IAM). All these help organizations to secure their system infrastructure and data from potential harmful cyber threats and vulnerabilities that arises time. It is the rise of mobile device usage, and reliability on Internet services retail, BFSI, healthcare, and energy that aids the market growth.
This industry is segmented and penetrated at many levels. If we are the classify them, it can be done so into following umbrellas
– Identity and Access Management (IAM),
– Risk and compliance management, encryption,
– Data Loss Prevention (DLP),
– Firewall, antivirus/antimalware,
– Intrusion Detection System/Intrusion Prevention System (IDS/IPS),
– Security and vulnerability management
– Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) mitigation,
– Web Filtering
– And others like application white-listing, patch management, etc.
Ethical hacking to tackle cyber security threats
There is always a way to tackle problems. The same has to be done in the matter of cyber security. And the key solution to such problems lies in Ethical Hacking.
Ethical hacking is a non-destructive, “white hat” form of hacking, where one has all the means at their disposal. The aim is to gain back the access to the system. Consider an example of how to re-gain the credentials’ access. Here, one can use the social engineering techniques and phishing. Other techniques include standard penetration testing techniques like port scanning and scrutinizing the operating system for possible vulnerabilities.
One of the other ethical hacking techniques is called penetration testing that is more of a formal test cycle. Here the organization is aware about the testing that’s happening such that it can merge to be a part of a development life cycle. Last year it was reported that the NHS plans to implement ethical hacking to secure their defences.
Be it a black hat or a white hat tactic, it helps creating an ethical quandary ensures for cyber security industry. This ensures that cyber security for any company needs the same level of skills to destroy threats.
Why study of Cyber Security is an in-demand field
Currently there are more than 1 million job openings globally that demands cyber security professionals. You need to understand that being a cyber security expert is more than just sitting around the cables and wires in the basement.
There are plenty of job openings for the Cyber Security professional ranging from entry-level personnel to even the CEOs of the company. Those of you who are looking to explore this career option can consider wide variety of to specialize in.
- Chief Information Security Officer
- Forensic Computer Analyst
- Information Security Analyst
- Penetration Tester
- Security Architect
The prediction for 2019 suggests a global shortage of roughly 2 million cyber security professionals. Another astounding job prediction is that this profession is expected to reach 3.5 million by 2021 as per the Cyber Security Ventures.
So those who are seeking to enter in the field of cyber security will surely find plenty of career opportunities. And if there was ever a best time to take a leap in this sector, it is now! With the amount of cyber threats, hacks, attacks that increase day by day, the demand for cyber security professionals will always remain high in the coming time.
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