10 Interview Questions and Answers for Web Designing
July 22, 2021
Web designing, in this day and age, holds immense potential for those who wish to build a career in it. The reason for this is the growing dependence of people on the digital space for information, collaborations, networking, business, etc. More and more companies, today, understand the importance of their presence in the digital space. As a result, the need for web designing and web applications has shown a significant growth in demand, which has resulted in the demand for skilled web designers across the globe. If you are mulling the idea of taking an online design course, here are a few selected questions that may be asked in an interview for web designers.
Q: What are the Most Commonly Used Languages and Platforms for a Website Design?
Q. Differentiate between HTML elements and HTML tags? How many HTML tags are needed for the basic HTML page?
Answer: HTML elements are used to communicate with the browser to render text. On the other hand, HTML tags are elements surrounded by angular brackets. They surround text and come in pair. There are 4 sets of HTML tags that are needed for a basic HTML page.
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Q. What are the advantages and caveats of using a CSS framework such as Bootstrap or Foundation? What’s the proper way to include frameworks in your workflow?
Advantages: The primary advantage of using frameworks is that makes prototyping of layouts faster and promotes reasonability of consistent elements across the whole project. Another advantage is that it, in most cases, eliminates the need of dead end deliverables. In contrast, the HTML prototypes powered by a framework later evolve into the actual production templates code used by the new site.
Furthermore, there are several development tools readily available for use. Also, there is a larger community or fraternity to consult and seek advice in case an issue arises.
Disadvantages: A disadvantage with frameworks is that there is tendency to generalize common elements which result in similar looking designs. Another disadvantage is that most frameworks come with so many in-built features and tools which are hardly used. If these tools and features are not used correctly, they may cause slower loading time. As compared to fighting the framework, it is easier to write the code from scratch.
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Q. What is Semantic HTML?
Answer: Semantic HTML is a coding style where HTML tags indicate the semantics of the text. For instance: ‘denotes bold text’, ‘denotes italics’, etc. In a nutshell, they represent only formatting without any structure or meaning.
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Q. What is the function of CSS in web design?
Answer: Cascading style sheets provide the look and feel of any website. From management of font styles, sizes and colour schemes of web pages, CSS are an integral portion of web designing and hence programmers ensure that there are no changes in the CSS file. This is because any change in CSS can result in a change in the entire website.
Q. Explain the difference between Standard Mode and Quirks Mode.
Answer: Quirk mode and Standard mode are compatibility modes. Quirk mode may result in inconsistent appearance in different browsers. However, standard mode keeps the display consistent across all browsers.
Q. Why would you bother marking up elements as ARTICLE, FIGURE, ASIDE?
Answer: HTML5 provides tags such as ARTICLE, FIGURE and ASIDE to properly mark the content. These tags help machines such as search engines, parsers, screen readers, etc understand the content structure. The ARTICLE tag defines a piece of content that has a heading of its own and can exist outside the context of the webpage. It is particularly useful while dealing with news articles or products.
Similarly, FIGURE identifies an image that is relevant to the content. By using FIGCAPTION, a visual description of the image can also be added. ASIDE indicates information that is related to the main content.
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Q. How many H1 tags can you have on a single web page? Does it even matter?
Answer: H1 tags are critical as it allows search engines and other machines to read the web page’s code and understand the content on it. Ideally, a page should only have one H1 element. The exceptions in this case would be when there are ARTICLE or SECTION elements in which case each of them have a single H1 of their own. Using the H1 tag properly is extremely important and improper use can impact the website’s SEO performance.
Q. Name a few easy ways to optimize a website. Where would you start?
Answer: A few of the most common and easiest ways to optimize a website include minimizing CSS and Js code. Another method is by compressing all assets in the most appropriate format and ensuring optimal settings. A lot of developers also enable the server side caching mechanisms (Memcached, Redis, gzip compression, APC, etc.).
Q. When you embed self-hosted video on a web site, what format would you use?
Answer: Currently, major browsers such as OS and devices support the MP4 format. In the case of Firefox and certain Android devices that do not support the MP4 video format, the best solution would be to have copies of the video in OGV and WebM formats. If multiple copies are available, the files should be listed as source elements of the VIDEO tag.
Reach Out for Best-in-Class Training in Web Designing
Tops Technologies offer the best IT training courses, web design training and Java online classes through certified trainers. For more information on our web designing course and graphic designing course, you can write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org or Whatsapp your query to us at +91-7622011173. A quick Google search on ‘web designing classes near me’ or ‘graphic designing courses near me’ on Google will also help you find us. We would be happy to help!
Niral Modi is the CEO of TOPS Technologies - The best IT Training company in Gujarat - TOPS Technologies offers Training and Job Placement Solutions in Java, Python, PHP, Web Design, Graphic Design, Hardware Networking and a lot more.